A constant speed electric motor driven compressor, controlled by a suction throttle valve, provides a simple solution. The startup controls are relatively straightforward and there is no warm-up sequence, as might be needed in a steam turbine. No over speed protection is needed. However, the cost of electricity can be relatively high and throttling inherently wastes energy. Therefore, constant speed electric motor driven compressors with throttling used for control are not necessarily the most energy efficient, but are simple to start and operate.
This article contains excerpts from the paper, “Development and design of antisurge and performance control systems for centrifugal compressors” by Saul Mirsky, Wayne Jacobson, David Tiscornia, Jeff McWhirter and Medhat Zaghloul of Compressor Controls Corporation at the 2015 Middle East Turbomachinery Symposium.
A constant speed electric motor driven compressor, controlled by a discharge throttle valve, has similar characteristics to that of a suction throttle. Both are relatively easy to operate and maintain. However, for an equivalent reduction in throughput, suction throttling uses less power because the inlet gas density is reduced. Additionally, discharge throttling has substantially stronger negative effect on the antisurge control then the suction throttling. Therefore suction throttling is recommended over discharge throttling as a compressor throughput control method. Constant speed compressors controlled by inlet guide vanes are more complicated than suction throttle machines, but are also more efficient. Inlet guide vanes effectively change the compressor performance characteristics at each vane angle. Therefore as the guide vanes open, not only does the flow increase but the performance curve steepness and surge flow changes as well.
Turbomachinery Blog features postings from experts in all areas of turbomachinery, such as: gas turbines, machine diagnostics, materials, repairs, and aftermarket parts, and encourages users to participate, with reader engagement and interaction as its primary purpose.
|There are no products|